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Connecting Ojibwe Ecological Knowledge and Climate Change in the Apostle Islands


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Rock Cliffs and Ledges

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The Rock Cliffs and Ledges Ecosystem is found on Gichi-ishkwaayaan-minis (Outer Island) meaning "the great afterwards island" in Ojibwemowin. 

This ecosystem is also found on Devil's Island. It makes up about one-third of the shorelines in the Apostle Islands.

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